World youth day (wö:ld ju:th dei) – Weltjugendtag
The WJM takes place in the dioceses (daiosi:zes) of Cologne, Essen and all the other German dioceses – Das Weltjugendtreffen findet statt in den Bistümern Essen und Köln.
Religious denominations (rilidsches dinomineischns) Religiöse Konfessionsgemeinschaften: Catholic (käthelik), Protestant etc.
Pope John Paul II has invited the youth of the world to come to Essen and to Cologne. The last meeting was in Toronto (Canada)
The church of Essen (tschötsch) is divided into deanships (Dekanate) and into parishes (Pfarrgemeinden)
The parish priest is in charge of a parish; the members of the parish are called the parishioners
Our parish is called „Mariä Heimsuchung Überruhr“; it is situated in Essen-Überruhr and it consists of/it comprises (kempraizes) 5000 souls/parishioners/members of the church.
A number of parishes make up the deanship (Dekanat) which is headed by the dean (Dechant);
Every parish has two committees which support the local priest in his task: one is the „Pfarrgemeinderat“, comparable to a parish council which is regularly elected by the members of the church in this district – this body mainly focuses on spiritual affairs – and the „Kirchenvorstand“ which might be compared to a board of directors for that particular church being mainly administrative. This body is also elected by the parishioners.
The catholic hierarchy (haira:ki): The Pope, The cardinals and bishops, the deans and the parish priests with chaplains (tschäplens) attached.
The church of Essen was founded in 1958 consisting of former territories of the dioceses Münster, Paderborn und Cologne. The well (Brunnen) on the Burgplatz of Essen reminds us of the roots of our diocese.
Christianity in the Ruhr area is – of course – much older than that. It goes back to the first missionaries who came to the Ruhr area in the 8th century after Christ. Saint St. Ludger who was born in Utrecht and educated in England, founded the monastery in Essen-Werden, and the citizens of this district celebrated the 1200th anniversary of their city in 1999. For more than 1000 years the city of Essen was governed by ladies, the so called „Fürstäbtissinnen“, nuns, whose names you will find engraved when you visit the cathedral and enter through the side door. It was only when Napoleon dispossessed the churches in 1803 transferring the process of „Säkularisierung“ i.e. the separation of State and Church to Germany and ending the first German Reich that this reign came to an end and Prussia took over.
The cathedral (kethi:drel) of the Bishop of Essen is opposite the Burgplatz right off Kettwiger Straße.
The first Bishop of Essen was Franz Cardinal Hengsbach; Before becoming the first Bishop of the newly founded diocese of Essen, he was suffragan (saffregen) Bishop (Weihbischof) in Paderborn. After his death he was followed by Bishop Dr. Hubert Luthe, who came from Cologne. On his 75th birthday Bishop Dr. Luthe retired and our new Bishop is Dr. Felix Genn who was born in Wassenach and spent much of his clerical life in the diocese of Trier.
The cathedral of Essen is world famous for the 1000 year old statue of the golden Madonna, which you will find to the left of the altar in a chapel with the inscription „Was immer er Euch sagt, das tut“/Whatever he says, please do“ This is what Mary, mother of God said to the guests at the wedding of Kanaa. Mary is the Patron Saint (peitren seint) of the diocese of Essen. She is worshipped (wö:schippt) (verehrt)as the Mother of the good counsel.
On the right hand side you can visit the newly created Nikolaus Groß chapel. Nikolaus Groß, a miner from one a small village near Essen, was a Catholic worker who – through further education courses qualified to become a journalist of a leading Catholic trade union paper at the end of the twenties. As he warned his fellow workers against the threat of both communism and National Socialism, he was tried and hanged in Berlin-Plötzensee, On 7th October 2001 he was beatified by Pope John Paul II on St. Peter`s square. He is the first person from our diocese who received this honour.
The cathedral of Essen is also the tomb for the bishops of Essen, and our first Bishop has been buried in the Adveniat chapel, which is situated right at the back of the church facing the altar.
Next to the cathedral you find the treasury (Domschatzkammer) which is well worth visiting, because it contains some of the finest examples of medieval religious art.
On the other side of the Münsterkirche is the house of the vicar-general (Generalvikariat). This is the administration of the diocese of Essen.
In 2005 we welcome guests from all over the world in Essen. We are hosts and we will have to be hospitable (hospitebl/Akzent auf der ersten Silbe))/to show hospitality/Akzent auf 3. Silbe).
Do you have somewhere to stay?/ What form of accommodation would you like?/Where can we accommodate you?/Can I help you to find a room? Do you require (rikwaie) a single or a double room?
You may stay in a hotel or in a bed and breakfast room or in a youth hostel or in a school.
How long do you wish to stay?
Would you like breakfast only/half board/full board?
Breakfast is served at…
How much is it?/How much do you charge?/What is the price?
The organisers of the WJT invite young people from 16 to 30/the youth/the young people/the young/ to take part in the following events: Holy mass/Religious services/Musical performances/Theatre plays/Religious meditation/workshops
Today we have the following programme…
You may choose (tschu:z) between…
Holy mass/to celebrate Holy Mass/the celebration of Holy Mass/to pray/the prayer/ the congregation (die Gemeinde); the altar, the sacrament/the host or the consecrated wafer (Hostie)/transubstantiation (Wandlung), holy communion/the lord`s prayer (Vaterunser)to bless/the blessing
What are the communication situations you might be confronted with?
Showing the way: This is very easy: When somebody is travelling by car or walking, you need to remember the following expressions: Turn right/turn left/carry straight on until you come to Motorway – you take exit No.
What can you see in Essen? You can choose between a number of cinemas in the inner city. Essen also has a lot to offer culturally; it is aiming to become Europe`s cultural capital in 2010. You can choose between a number of theatres one of which is the Grillo near the Cathedral, you can also attend musical performances both at the Aalto and in the new Philharmonie.
If you want to take a walk and relax, go to Lake Baldeney (Baldeneysee) or visit the spectacular garden round the villa Hügel which used to be the home of the Krupp family.
A splendid exhibition of art can be viewed at the Folkwang museum.